The Foreigners

The Foreigners, William III, The Glorious Revolution, Defoe’s Political Theory and The Monmouth Rebellion.

The Foreigners
The True-Born Englishman. A Satyr was initially written as a response to John Tutchin’s The Foreigners. There is supporting evidence for this in a 1715 publication by Defoe, called An Appeal to Honour and Justice, where Defoe states:

there came out a vile abhor’d Pamphlet, in very ill verse, written by one Mr. Tutchin, and call’d, THE FOREIGNERS: In which the author, who he was I then knew not, fell personally on the king. [1]

Defoe’s reaction to The Foreigners is important, it indicates his dislike for the growing xenophobia in English Government and formulates part of his defence and promotion of King William III and his Monarchical governmental politics. Defoe on The Foreigners states that: ‘[it] fill’d me with a kind of Rage against the Book; and gave birth to a Trifle which I could hope should be met with so general an Acceptation as it did, I mean, The True-Born Englishman’ [2], he makes a clear reference to the link between The True-Born Englishman and Tutchin’s poem. (see PART II, p38-Line starting ‘And Huffs the King’) The Foreigners brought Defoe’s full attention to King William III; no longer was he to be just a background supporter of him. He became an active supporter writing several political tracts in defence of the king. In part Defoe felt the need to defend him because of the growing xenophobia in parliament that lacked gratitude to the Dutch. (see PART I, p12-line starting ‘He did not send’) In several sections of the poem, Defoe makes reference to the xenophobic sentiments in The Foreigners; he also satirises the lack of gratitude to the Dutch on several other occasions. (see PART II, page 33-line starting ‘that they’ll abuse’) Specifically concerning Tutchin’s publication, for Defoe ‘Tutchin and his poem made an easy target for Defoe’s satire, and he was hardly the only poet to find Tutchin’s attack upon the Dutch presence in England both narrow-minded and lacking in gratitude.’ [3]

John Tutchin, The Foreigners, available sources: As part of a subscription to Early English Books Online, the digital facsimile can be viewed at: link

(ESTC R29567)

There is a cost-free digital reproduction as part of Project Gutenberg at: link (please be aware this link takes you to The Augustan Reprint Society John Tutchin Selected Poems (1685-1700). The Foreigners is the final selected poem at the bottom of the page)

Daniel Defoe, An Appeal to Honour and Justice, available sources: as part of a subscription to Eighteenth Century Collections Online, the digital facsimile can be viewed at: link

(ESTC T70816)

There is a cost-free plain text version as part of Project Gutenberg at: link


[1] Defoe, Daniel An Appeal to Honour and Justice. London: printed for J. Baker, at the Black Boy in Pater-Noster-Row, 1715. [ESTC T70816, copy on ECCO]. p.6
[2] ibid, p.6
[3] Novak, Maximillian E Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. p.150

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